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Marijuana Seeds Not Sprouting

Marijuana Seeds Not Sprouting

In the past few years, marijuana production has witnessed a meteoric rise in popularity, especially among those who cultivate the plant at their residence. If one adheres to the appropriate procedures, one can generate high-quality strains at home, each of which can be of a different variety.

When it comes to cultivating marijuana at home, seeds are one of the most crucial components, along with several other elements. Although there are many different kinds of seeds available to pick from, the feminized variety is by far the most common and widely used.

It’s common to characterize growing marijuana in your home as soothing. Of course, a lot of people grow it to sell as a business, but the process of caring for a plant on your own and attending to its requirements is very calming to the mind. Watering and keeping an eye on plants can be pleasant because owners are in charge of their growth. The use of cannabis for leisure purposes offers numerous health advantages once a good yield is achieved.

Conducting the appropriate research is necessary if you intend to cultivate your marijuana plants. The selection of the seed for your plant should come first before you move on to figuring out its potential growing habitat and environment. There are three distinct types of cannabis seeds that are offered to growers:

  • Regular seeds
  • Feminized seeds
  • Auto-flowering seeds

Which of these, though, is most amenable to cultivation? There is a possibility that various kinds of seeds need various environments, but the fact of the matter is that all seeds require a few fundamental parameters that need to be monitored carefully to accomplish the greatest potential seed growth.

2. Factors Important for Best Seed Growth:

Marijuana seeds of higher quality have a greater seedling growth, are of higher quality genetically, and produce more marijuana per plant. Every cannabis plant starts as a seed, even clones. Clones are the only exception to this rule. These minuscule bundles of genetic material can develop into fully formed, pungent, and sticky creatures if the appropriate requirements are met, along with a modicum of love and attention.

When it comes to returns, choosing high-quality cannabis seeds is equivalent to making any other kind of investment. Marijuana seeds of higher quality have a greater germination rate, are of higher quality genetically, and produce more marijuana per plant. Seeds in general, have a few factors that need to be looked after properly to ensure their optimum growth. These factors include light, temperature, soil conditions and moisture.

3. Let’s get to the bottom of this-the possible problems:

Now that we have mentioned that the necessary factors that play a major role in the growth of seed are light, temperature and moisture, it deems appropriate to discuss how the lack or excess of exposure to these factors may affect the sprouting of your precious marijuana seeds that you handpicked so carefully with hopes of cultivating them, watching them grow and sprout into the most beautiful plants.

Let us see how these factors can be altered to ensure better growth!

3.1 The role of light:

Your marijuana seeds may have a lower chance of bursting if there is an excess of light. When your seeds have truly emerged from the dirt, you will need to start worrying about providing them with light. However, make sure that the intensity of light is low when you begin, and then steadily increase it over time.

Figure 2: Indoor growth of marijuana seeds under conrolled light conditions

3.2 The role of temperature:

When the temperature range in which your marijuana seeds need to grow is too low, it can present its own set of concerns, one of which is that it prevents seeds from germinating. The likelihood of other plant pathogens is also increased when temperatures are lower. What exactly should we do about it? If you intend to grow anything outside, you shouldn’t put the plants outside until later in the season. Rather, sprout your seeds indoors and give your saplings a few days to mature before moving them outside.

Take the appropriate measures and find out when the average temperature in your area will be enough even to move your plants outdoors. In most cases, it is beneficial to hold off on doing something until the spring temperatures have reached their peak. Extremely high temperatures in the area in which you are trying to germinate seeds might cause the growth of the seeds to be sluggish and uneven, as well as cause the soil to dry up. The temperature range of 20–25 degrees Celsius is ideal for the seed germination process.

If you’re propagating seeds indoors and the temps are too high, then you need to make sure the inside is cool enough by keeping the windows open or ensuring that there is some kind of ventilation process to see if you can bring the temperature down. If this method doesn’t succeed, you might want to think about installing an air conditioning unit in your growth chamber to maintain a consistent temperature.

3.3 The role of moisture:

They won’t be able to take root if you just leave them on some damp kitchen paper on a plate, which is one of the most common mistakes people make, because they’ll dry out. Growers need to make sure that the sheet isn’t dry; if it is dry, they will need to provide them with a little bit more water; however, some people do give them too much water in case they hydrate out, and so forth.

Figure 3: Marijuana seeds sprouting successfully under optimum moisture conditions

Growers need to be certain that the marijuana seeds have sufficient humidity for the two to ten days that it can take for them to sprout, as well as to check that they start growing the seeds in regions that are humid and have suitable temperature ranges. The fact that it hasn’t produced any roots after 3 days does not mean that the seeds won’t sprout; or that you were ripped off by the person you bought the seeds from, it only means that all you need to do is be patient enough to wait and see the results of this seed you have worked so hard on.

However, one thing must be clear here. It is not the responsibility of the seed, but rather of the planter, that it is allowed to become overly dry or that it is submerged in an excessive amount of water due to these activities.

3.4 The role of gender:

Producers are looking for female plants that produce buds, as the presence of male plants can result in a smaller crop. Hold onto those males solely for breeding and developing new hybrids. When grown into female plants, cannabis seeds produce significantly more THC than their male equivalents do. Because of the numerous benefits that they provide, female marijuana plants are preferred throughout the whole marijuana business. Because of this, there is a significant increase in the need for feminized seeds in the industry.

Although the plants can grow beside one another, it is not recommended that you cultivate male and female weed plants together. If you want to gather buds from the female marijuana plant, you’ll need to keep the male and female plants apart from each other. Sensimilla, which is capable of producing user-friendly weed products, is produced by female plants.

4. Are you storing your seeds right?

Many times, farmers and growers are under the false impression that it is only during the time of seed growth that they need to keep a check on the conditions their seeds are in. On the surface, it does make sense, since this is the part where seeds sprout and grow and turn into beautiful flowering plants, but that is not the case. The conditions seeds are stored in while they are not used play an important role in seed health and can impact their growth.

Some of the important things to keep in mind as your seeds are stored are mentioned below, if you take care of them, hopefully, your marijuana seeds will sprout out perfectly!

Ironically, your marijuana seeds don’t like the fresh air as much as your future plants do because it will cause them to sprout. To prevent air from getting in, store the food in airtight containers. If you don’t keep the seeds in an airtight container, the seeds’ valuable components could be harmed by the excess air, rendering the seeds useless to you if they are damaged.

A shift in the storage light conditions enables the seed to reach its stored nutrients and affect them. Put your marijuana seeds in a cool, dry, and dark location for storage. Similarly, seeds need to be stored in an optimum temperature range for them to stay dormant and not sprout out. The temperature range of 43–47 degrees Fahrenheit is optimal for storing the marijuana seeds; if it is any greater than the range mentioned, the germination process may begin on its own.

Humidity does not only play an important role during seed growth but also in their storage. It’s possible that your marijuana seeds were kept in an environment with an inadequate amount of humidity, which is preventing them from germinating. The ideal range is anywhere between 21 and 30 per cent.

The bottom line is, seeds are living organisms that need to be preserved correctly to prevent deterioration, death, or the inability to sprout into new plants. When you store your marijuana seeds, make sure to keep them away from light, temperatures that are too high, and moisture. It suffices to have a dark cabinet with consistent temperatures. If you want to keep seeds for a long duration of time, you should put them in a box that can be closed and keep them in the refrigerator.

5. A tale as old as time:

By tale here, we mean your marijuana seed. Marijuana, like any other product, has a shelf life that eventually runs out. It is unrealistic to expect high-quality buds to grow from seeds that have been stored past their expiration date. How can you tell if the seeds are too old? Old weed seeds have a very low chance of germinating.

If, when you compress the seed between two fingers, you hear cracking sounds, this may be an indication that the seed is old, that it has lost some of its nutrients, or that it does not have enough hydration. This prompts the question if these cracked seeds will grow and sprout ideally.   Because it is quite unlikely that they will, you should always use new seeds to ensure that your marijuana plants will grow to their full potential. Why take the risk with old seeds if you can buy new, healthy ones?

6. Some other factors to keep in mind: 

Besides the obvious factors that need to be kept in mind while ensuring seeds grow properly such as light temperature etc., the grower must ensure some other factors, such as:

Soil Integrity: When the soil is overly friable, there is an excessive amount of air that surrounds the seed; as a result, the seed is unable to effectively absorb moisture. When you have planted your seedlings in the dirt, use your hands to very gently compact the soil. It is possible that your seed will not sprout if the soil is compacted to an excessive degree. Seeds that are planted in soil that is too compacted do not receive enough oxygen, and soil with inadequate drainage increases the likelihood of diseases and moulds. Put a very thin soil layer over the seeds, using your (clean) fingers, and pat it down gently.

Handle with care: Resist handling your seeds more than required to keep them from becoming worse. Make sure that you are using clean gloves, as well as some sterilized forceps or something comparable. Because of this, the possibility that your seeds may be tainted will be significantly reduced.

Keep pests away: Ants enjoy eating germinated seeds, especially the taproots that develop from the seeds. Utilize ant nets, bird fencing, and other precautionary care such as oil and slug snares to maintain the integrity of your seed supply.

7. Conclusion: 

From all of the factors and their detailed discussion above, it is evident that seeds carry so much potential for the ideal marijuana plant growth, but they must be carefully looked after to ensure that they have the best conditions for growth, otherwise, it is a waste of time as well as resources to just buy the seeds and not know how to take care of them properly.

The factors of temperature, light, darkness and moisture play a great role in the seed integrity and must be looked after to ensure that seeds sprout successfully. However, even when the seeds are not used for growth actively and are set aside for storage, they must be put in storage conditions that have a less humid environment that is dark and cool in temperature. Furthermore, care must be taken that the seeds are not stored so long inside the storage area that they grow old and are unable to sprout.